Vertical Garden DIY. How to make a vertical garden in 7 steps?
Vertical gardening is a peculiar manner of horticulture because, as the word itself suggests, the plants grow vertically without soil or in small quantities of land.
However, this really is a natural process, because in nature there are plants that grow in habitats without earth.
It is believed the founder of this technique is the French botanist Patrick Blanc, who got his inspiration during his travel to Thailand, seeing how plants grew on all kinds of surfaces.
Vertical gardening is perfect for smaller spaces, which will be environmentally and aesthetically refreshed.
In addition, it contributes to energy efficiency as a result of cooling effect in summer and an improved air quality.
The height of the vertical garden can go from enormous (the walls of highrises) to really small (inside the apartment).
If wanted, the entire wall of your house can be turned into a vertical garden.
How to plant a vertical garden
In case you do not have a big horizontal surface and you would like to make your space healthier, closer to nature and also more contemporary, a vertical garden is the right alternative.
Yet, understanding the necessary conditions for such horticulture is crucial for its success.
Step 1: Select an area
To start, choose a vertical surface where you would like to plant your garden – for example, the outer wall of the house.
Plant selection will depend on the position of the wall and also the total amount of light it receives.
If you want to grow particular types of plants, select a location which will suit them best.
Step 2: Create a framework
You need to come up with a framework for your plants which resembles an office shelf. The easiest material to keep is plastic.
Nonetheless, it may also be made of metal, which is more expensive and heavier, or of wood, which needs additional protection against moisture and mold.
Put quality soil in the frame, then cover it with a solid material that will hold the plants as well as the earth inside.
You’ll need at least two layers of fabric, link them with zinced screws and stainless steel fittings, tighten them nicely to be able to remove all wrinkles.
If making a frame is too complicated for you, you can always find and buy ready-made frames for vertical gardens.
Step 3: Prepare the irrigation system
To successfully grow plants on a vertical surface, they need irrigation system so they can supply the moisture evenly.
You are able to buy irrigation systems designed specifically for vertical gardens, or if you are feeling crafty, you can make your own “drop by drop” irrigation system using tubes.
The system has to operate automatically as the vertical gardens dry fast, therefore it is required to irrigate the plants many times a day.
Determine the best quantity of water for your plants as a way to stop it from leaking on your own walls, and to make sure that the soil is adequately moisturized.
Step 4: Choose the fertilization system
To evenly fertilize green region, you want a fertilizer injector that can be linked to the irrigation system.
Once you are finished with fertilization, join irrigation system back to the water source.
Keep in mind that water may occasionally leak from your vertical garden, therefore it will be good to place flower pots under it.
Step 5: Pick plants
When selecting plants, keep in mind the sun, shade, humidity, wind and cold during winter months.
In case you intend to leave the garden outside during the wintertime, it is best to use plants that grow in colder climates than the one in which you live.
For those who have a movable wall, in winter it could be kept in a cool, dry area, while the plants are dormant.
Plant native plants. You can always use bushy plants, flowers, vegetables, fruits etc.
This really is where Patrick Blanc used his knowledge of botany. For instance, for vertical gardens in Central Europe he combines a mix of evergreen ferns, mosses, grasses and low shrub species.
Step 6: Plant the plants
To be able to plant your plants, make a hole in the cloth through which you can put the plants.
Make an effort to position as much earth as possible round the root.
Click here to see how making a framework and planting the plants looks like.
Step 7: Layout!
The most enjoyable section of vertical horticulture is creating green composition.
A suitable selection is essential for the aesthetic look along with the life cycle of plants, their development as well as maintenance.
Benefits of vertical gardens:
- space saving
- adorn your home
- clean the air
- ideal for organized people who enjoy minimalism
The disadvantages of vertical gardens:
- dry up quickly
- unsuitable for growing larger plants
- require a lot of care
- drainage can be an issue in the event the garden is indoors
With careful planning of all of the details you’ll be able to prevent the flaws and enjoy in the advantages supplied by vertical gardens.
In the event you would like more comprehensive advice relating to this gardening technique, I advise you to read the book by the creator of the approach, Patrick Blanc, titled “Vertical Garden”